Tracking the Light Final Post for 2015; 10 Sunrises.

(only see one sunrise photo? click this link to view Tracking the Light’s site.)

Looking forward to 2016: I’ve decided to usher in the New Year with a collection of sunrise views that I’ve made over the years.

Sunrise is one of the best times to make photos as the light is low, colorful and dramatic. Sunrise is always varied.

Also, I’d like to dispel a myth that I’m never up early. 😉

Of these varied views, which do you like the most?

Sunrise, Dublin. Lumix LX7 photo.
Sunrise, Dublin. Lumix LX7 photo.
Sunrise, San Francisco, exposed with a Nikon F3T on Fujichrome slide film in 2009.
Sunrise, San Francisco, exposed with a Nikon F3T on Fujichrome slide film in 2009.
NJ Jersey Transit sunrise at Matawan, New Jersey in December 2015. Lumix LX7 photo.
NJ Jersey Transit sunrise at Matawan, New Jersey in December 2015. Lumix LX7 photo.
Sunrise, Palmer, Massachusetts October 25, 2009. Lumix LX3 photo.
Sunrise, CP83 Palmer, Massachusetts October 25, 2009. Lumix LX3 photo.
Sunrise, West Warren, Massachusetts, November 2015. Lumix LX7 photograph.
Sunrise, West Warren, Massachusetts, November 2015. Lumix LX7 photograph.
Sunrise near Oulu, Finland, July 2015. FujiFilm X-T1 digital camera.
Sunrise near Oulu, Finland, July 2015. FujiFilm X-T1 digital camera.
Boston & Albany sunrise, Tennyville, Palmer, Massachusetts, December 2015. FujiFilm X-T1 digital photo.
Boston & Albany sunrise, Tennyville, Palmer, Massachusetts, December 2015. FujiFilm X-T1 digital photo.
1990s smoky sunrise at Solitude, Utah.
1990s smoky sunrise at Solitude, Utah.
Sunrise at Newark, New Jersey, December 2015. Lumix LX7 photo.
Sunrise at Newark, New Jersey, December 2015. Lumix LX7 photo.
Another Palmer sunrise. Sometime, before today.
Another Palmer sunrise. Sometime, before today.

 

Tracking the Light Final Post for 2015;

Daily posts planned for 2016.

Tracking the Light New Year’s Eve Post: Black River & Western; reflections and sunset.

Of these two photos, which do you like best? (only see one photo? click on Tracking the Light for the full post).

As the years ends, I’ve drawn on two clichés; reflection and  sunset.

A couple of weeks ago, I exposed both of these  images using my Lumix LX7 on the Black River & Western.

Reflect back over the last year? Did you make memorable photographs?

Steam locomotive number 60 reflects in the windows of doodlebug M-55 at Ringoes, New Jersey. Lumix LX7 photo.
Steam locomotive number 60 reflects in the windows of doodlebug M-55 at Ringoes, New Jersey. Lumix LX7 photo.
Sunset symbolizes the end of the day, but also the beginning of night. It is when light is in transition.
Sunset symbolizes the end of the day, but also the beginning of night. It is when light is in transition.

For my sunset image of Black River & Western 2-8-0 number 60, I show a dual transition; the fading light of day is one; the other is the conceptual juxtaposition of the antique world of the steam locomotive with the modern world of tarmac roads, uninspired modern architecture and a proliferation of wires.

Happy New Year’s Eve from Tracking the Light!

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Tracking the Light Reads the Rules of Railroad Photography.

(And ignores them).

Back in the day, a long long time ago (1906, I think), a self-appointed man of knowledge carved into stone the rules of good railroad photography. When translated these read something to the effect:

To take a good train picture you must:

  • Always use a standard lens;
  • Expose on bright sunny days;
  • The sun should be at least 30 degrees above the horizon and over your left shoulder positioned for an evenly lit three-quarter view;
  • Keep shadows off all railroad rolling stock;
  • Minimize or eliminate all wires and poles;
  • Refrain from including people;
  • Always select a vantage point that allows for a clean view of locomotive wheels;
  • Select a fast enough shutter speed to stop the action;
  • Avoid distracting or complicated backgrounds.
  • Keep trees and fences in the distance.
Amtrak ACS-64 652 leads Keystone train 648 east at Trenton, New Jersey in a December 2015 downpour. Digitally exposed using a Lumix LX7.
Amtrak ACS-64 652 leads Keystone train 648 east at Trenton, New Jersey in a December 2015 downpour. Digitally exposed using a Lumix LX7.

Tracking the Light has no Rules.

 (Although every effort is made to post daily!)

Ain’t No juice jacks Here No more; Sunny Morning on the old Pennsylvania Railroad.

Pat Yough asked, ‘Anything on the scanner?’

‘Something about Norfolk Southern’s 24K, sorry didn’t catch the details,’ I replied.

A call was made; the angle of sun was inspected and Pat made a decision.

‘We can get breakfast, then catch the 24K before it arrives at Morrisville.’

Vintage PRR map with key lines identified in red.
Vintage PRR map with key lines identified in red.

Back in the days of the old Pennsylvania Railroad, the Trenton Cutoff was an electrified freight route used by freights as a shortcut around Philadelphia, that also served to avoid grades and minimize interference between through freight and passenger operations.

This late-era heavily engineered line is comparatively difficult to photograph these days.

Under Norfolk Southern’s modern operations, the Trenton Cutoff no longer functions as it had under PRR.

Conrail discontinued the electrification on the line in the early 1980s; today, the old PRR Main Line east of Harrisburg is largely void of through freight (as it primarily serves as a passenger route for Amtrak Keystones and SEPTA suburban trains).

However, today a few NS symbol freights are routed via old Reading Company lines to Norristown then via a Conrail-era connection to the Trenton Cutoff, thus avoiding the old Main Line. Got that?

Anyway, our quarry, intermodal freight 24K, terminated at yard near Morrisville, Pennsylvania opposite the Delaware River from Trenton. We set up near the yard.

First we scored our breakfast, then we scored photos of the 24K, before moving on to other projects.

 Not all important railroads are blessed with pastoral scenery. The catenary poles and wires tell of the Trenton Cutoff’s history. At one time Pennsylvania Railroad’s P5A, GG1 and E44 electrics plied the line. More has changed than the just locomotives

Not all important railroads are blessed with pastoral scenery. The catenary poles and wires tell of the Trenton Cutoff’s history. At one time Pennsylvania Railroad’s P5A, GG1 and E44 electrics plied the line. More has changed than the just locomotives

Tracking the Light Posts Daily!

 

 

An Anniversary, Amtrak, Amherst and Emily Dickinson.

Today, December 28, 2015 marks the first anniversary of Amtrak’s final runs of the Vermonter on the old New London Northern line between East Northfield and Palmer, Massachusetts.

Until February 1995, this railroad line had been operated by Central Vermont, which at that time conveyed it to New England Central, which hosted Amtrak’s trains.

It was on a snowy evening nearly three years ago that I used my Canon EOS 7D to expose this image of the old New London Northern station at Amherst, Massachusetts.
It was on a snowy evening nearly three years ago that I used my Canon EOS 7D to expose this image of the old New London Northern station at Amherst, Massachusetts.

Step back 135 years. Before New England Central, before digital photography, Amtrak, or commercial electricity . . .

Poet, Emily Dickinson, today one of the best-known American wordsmiths of her generation, lived just a few blocks from this station.

On occasion Emily Dickinson may have traveled by train from Amherst to Monson, where she’d have visited members of her family who lived there. Perhaps she traveled to other destinations further afoot via connections with the Boston & Albany at Palmer.

Back in 1880 a train journey to Monson was easier than today, since then New London Northern served Amherst with three daily trains in each direction.

Two southward runs from Brattleboro afforded travel to Monson; one stopped at 6:46am, and required a change to a New London train in Palmer, which stopped in Monson at 8:24 am. The other was a through all-stops evening train that departed Amherst at 5:50 pm and stopped in Monson at 7:13 pm. There were similar schedules for northward trains.

Which of these schedules might she have traveled?

Her train’s consist, I imagine, was a light wood-burning 4-4-0 leading a wooden baggage car or possibly a combine coach and a second coach. Track speed was probably about a steady 30 mph, except climbing Belchertown Hill, and likely faster heading downgrade. More research would be necessary to track down the particulars.

Among the lines of her famous poem about her train travels read:

I like to see it lap the miles

And lick the valleys up,

And stop to feed itself at tanks . . .

From this description, it sounds more like the 5:50pm that routinely took water in Palmer before continuing its journey southward. But then, perhaps she was penning her lines about a northward run on its way back toward Amherst. Maybe the water tank mentioned was that located near the Amherst station. Just some educated guesses.

Tracking the Light takes an angle on Literature in an effort to make more compelling images.

 

Amtrak Action Under Wire; Northeast Corridor in December 2015

Consult your schedules, watch the signals, listen for the hum of the rail, and stay poised.

This is the heart of Amtrak’s Northeast Corridor, a raceway for passenger action. In between the fast flying Acela Express runs and Amtrak Regional trains are hourly all-stops SEPTA local runs.

Trains Under Wire.

On the morning of December 19, 2015, Pat Yough and I visited SEPTA stations north (east) of Philadelphia on the former Pennsylvania Railroad electrified four-track line. No GG1s today, but we did catch two old AEM-7s.

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Low level platforms here are soon to be 'improved.'
Low level platforms here are soon to be ‘improved.’
Amtrak ACS-64 number 651 leads train 153 at Levittown, Pennsylvania. FujiFilm X-T1 photo.
Amtrak ACS-64 number 651 leads train 153 at Levittown, Pennsylvania. FujiFilm X-T1 photo.

Tips of the day: stay sharp and remember that the long distance trains (Silver Star, Silver Meteor, Crescent, etc) are not listed in the Northeast Corridor schedule and can run ahead of the posted station times as listed in their respective schedules in the Amtrak National Timetable.

SEPTA local 9714 makes a station stop at Levittown, Pennsylvania. FujiFilm X-T1 photo.
SEPTA local 9714 makes a station stop at Levittown, Pennsylvania. FujiFilm X-T1 photo.
Many times I've traveled on this train; Amtrak 56 the Vermonter, seen here approaching Levitttown behind ACS-64 635.
Many times I’ve traveled on this train; Amtrak 56 the Vermonter, seen here approaching Levitttown behind ACS-64 635.
Amtrak Keystone 663 is lead by Siemens-built ACS-64 610. The sharp photographer needs to keep the train numbers distinct from engine numbers. This can get a bit confusing on this section of line since both the ACS-64 locomotives (motors) and Keystone train use 600 series numbers. Just remember one is a piece of equipment, the other is a scheduled service.
Amtrak Keystone 663 is led by Siemens-built ACS-64 610. The sharp photographer needs to keep the train numbers distinct from engine numbers. This can get a bit confusing on this section of line since both the ACS-64 locomotives (motors) and Keystone trains use 600 series numbers. Just remember one is a piece of equipment, the other is a scheduled service.
Ouch! Bad luck, on an otherwise clear morning one lingering fluffy cloud quenched the sunlight just as one of two AEM-7s of the day passed. Engine 927 leads Amtrak train 155 at Levitttown, PA. FujiFilm X-T1 photo, adjusted in post processing with Lightroom to correct contrast, exposure and color temperature.
Ouch! Bad luck, on an otherwise clear morning one lingering fluffy cloud quenched the sunlight just as one of two AEM-7s of the day passed. Engine 927 leads Amtrak train 155 at Levitttown, PA. FujiFilm X-T1 photo, adjusted in post processing with Lightroom to correct contrast, exposure and color temperature.
Amtrak Keystone 662 is in push-mode with ACS-64 636 at the back. (In other words this is a trailing view.) FujiFilm X-T1 digital image.
Amtrak Keystone 662 is in push-mode with ACS-64 636 at the back. (In other words this is a trailing view.) FujiFilm X-T1 digital image with Zeiss 12mm Touit lens.
Who said you can't use a wide-angle when photographing a high-speed train. Acela Express 2250 was racing along at an estimated 125 mph when I exposed this view with my FujiFilm X-T1 digital image with Zeiss 12mm Touit lens. I had the camera in 'CF' (Continuous Fast, what I call 'turbo flutter') and the shutter speed at 1/2000th of a second.
Who said you can’t use a wide-angle when photographing a high-speed train? Acela Express 2250 was racing along at an estimated 125 mph when I exposed this view with my FujiFilm X-T1 digital image with Zeiss 12mm Touit lens. I had the camera in ‘CF’ (Continuous Fast, what I call ‘turbo flutter’) and the shutter speed at 1/2000th of a second.
SEPTA 9707 makes a station stop at Levittown on its way to Trenton, New Jersey.
SEPTA 9707 makes a station stop at Levittown on its way to Trenton, New Jersey.
Amtrak 98 rolls eastward (northward) at Levittstown on the final leg of its trip from Florida to New York Penn-Station. Remind me, why did Amtrak invest in new baggage cars?
Amtrak 98 rolls eastward (northward) at Levittstown on the final leg of its trip from Florida to New York Penn-Station. Remind me, why did Amtrak invest in new baggage cars?
Amtrak Keystone 664 had this battle-worn AEM-7 at the back. Quick action at Croydon allowed for a satisfactory trailing view of the aged electric in action.
Amtrak Keystone 664 had this battle-worn AEM-7 at the back. Quick action at Croydon allowed for a satisfactory trailing view of the aged electric in action.
I always like to catch the long-distance trains under wire. Amtrak ACS-64 606 leads train 91 the Silver Star on its run to Miami, Florida. Photographing the German-designed electrics under old PRR signal bridges makes for a contrast in time and technology that helps tell the story of today's Northeast Corridor.
I always like to catch the long-distance trains under wire. Amtrak ACS-64 606 leads train 91 the Silver Star on its run to Miami, Florida. Photographing the German-designed electrics under old PRR signal bridges makes for a contrast in time and technology that helps tell the story of today’s Northeast Corridor.
Amtrak train number 20, the Crescent was running ahead of its posted time when it passed Croydon. Pat Yough had checked the time on his smart phone, so we were poised for action when its headlight appeared.
Amtrak train number 20, the Crescent was running ahead of its posted time when it passed Croydon. Pat Yough had checked the time on his smart phone, so we were poised for action when its headlight appeared.

Tracking the Light Posts Daily!

Reading & Northern: Cressona, Pennsylvania—Retro Railroad Fantasy?

Is it a retro railroad fantasy to make images that resemble those of the late-Reading Era in 2015?

Reading & Northern GP39RN 2532 leads one of the company's Santa Trains at Becks near Cressona, Pennsylvania. This locomotive was originally classified as EMD GP30 and is painted to resemble Reading Company freight locomotives as they appeared in the 1970s. FujiFilm X-T1 photo.
Reading & Northern GP39RN 2532 leads one of the company’s Santa Trains at Becks near Cressona, Pennsylvania. This locomotive was originally classified as EMD GP30 and is painted to resemble Reading Company freight locomotives as they appeared in the 1970s. FujiFilm X-T1 photo.

Traveling with Pat Yough, I made this selection of photographs at the former Reading Company yards at Cressona, Pennsylvania in December 2015.

Back in the 19th Century, Philadelphia & Reading consolidated various railroads primarily for the movement of anthracite. In its heyday, this railroad was one of the busiest and most profitable in the United States.

Coal demand and transport has changed dramatically in the last 130 years.

Reading Company’s operations entered a long decline in the 20th century and were finally folded into Conrail in 1976. Reading & Northern emerged as a Conrail spinoff in the 1980s.

Reading & Northern's old Reading Company yards at Cressona, Pennsylvania. Exposed in 'monochrome mode' with my LX-7. I'v adjusted the tonality with an in-camera red-filter setting.
Reading & Northern’s old Reading Company yards at Cressona, Pennsylvania. Exposed in ‘monochrome mode’ with my LX-7. I’ve adjusted the tonality with an in-camera red-filter setting.

Today, using a host of vintage railroad equipment R&N provides freight service and seasonal excursions in the spirit of the old Reading Company. Anthracite remains among the commodities moved by the railroad.

R&N paints its vintage locomotives and some freight cars to resemble those of the late-era Reading Company.

This is a similar view to the black & white image above, and aimed to include R&N's GP39RN. This could be a view of an R&N freight, or perhaps almost passable as a view of the Reading Company from the 1970s. Yet, its really a Santa Train excursion. CNJ 113 is at the back of the train. Lumix LX7 photo.
This is a similar view to the black & white image above, and aimed to include R&N’s GP39RN. This could be a view of an R&N freight, or perhaps almost passable (if we cropped the ‘derail’ sign, and ignore the graffiti-covered 1980s era freight cars)  as a view of the Reading Company from the 1970s. Yet, it’s really a modern R&N Santa Train excursion. Restored CNJ 0-6-0 113 is puffing away at the back of the train. Lumix LX7 photo.
Trailing view of R&N's no-GP30 disguises the true nature of the day's excursion. This could easily pass as a R&N freight. FujiFilm X-T1 photo.
Trailing view of R&N’s neo-GP30 disguises the true nature of the day’s excursion. This could easily pass as a R&N freight. FujiFilm X-T1 photo.

The line between documentation and photo recreation is blurred.

Through select cropping, I can either reveal the nature of the passenger excursions, or at first glance make R&N’s excursions operation appear like a Reading Company freight from the mid-1970s, or even its own weekday freights.

When does documentation become a re-creation? In the case of R&N does such a distinction even matter?

R&N offers a window on the old order, which is a relief for a railroad photographer aiming to step back from the contemporary scene dominated by massive class I carriers with modern six-motor safety-cab diesels moving unit trains of coal, ethanol and intermodal containers, and modern passenger trains.

LX7 panned photo.
LX7 panned photo—relatively slow shutter speed and careful continuous panning motion allowed the main subject to remain sharp while the background slips into a sea of blur.

Tracking the Light Poses Questions and Reveals the Secrets of Photographic Technique—Every Day!

 

 

 

Santa Trains with Central Railroad of New Jersey Steam at Minersville .

Restored Central Railroad of New Jersey 0-6-0 number 113 worked Reading & Northern Santa Trains between Minersville and Schuylkill Haven on December 20th, 2015.

Approaching Minersville, Pennsylvania. Exposed with my FujiFilm X-T1 digital camera.
Approaching Minersville, Pennsylvania. Exposed with my FujiFilm X-T1 digital camera.

Pat Yough and I made the most of this photographic opportunity, including exposing images of R&N GP30 2532 that worked the Schuylkill Haven-end of the train.

At Minersville, I focused on the locomotive’s details.

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Last year, (see: Happy Christmas from Tracking the Light: Doubleheaded Steam) we’d photographed double-headed trains with CNJ’s 113 trailing behind Reading & Northern’s Pacific number 425. Where last year we had overcast weather, this year we had a mix of bright sun and high cloud.

Another change was that 113 recently had had its boiler jacketing restored. While a subtle improvement for the casual observer, it really made for more authentic looking photographs.

Central Railroad of New Jersey 0-6-0 113 charges through Schuylkill Haven, Pennsylvania on December 20, 2015.
Central Railroad of New Jersey 0-6-0 113 charges through Schuylkill Haven, Pennsylvania on December 20, 2015.
Trailing view at Cressona Yard on December 20, 2015.
Trailing view at Cressona Yard on December 20, 2015.

CNJ_113_Minersville_detail_DSCF9039

Tracking the Light posts looks close!

CNJ_113_pan_Schuylkill_Haven_DSCF9151
On the roll at Schuylkill Haven. Panned using my FujiFilm X-T1 with 27mm pancake lens.

Tracking the Light’s 2015 Christmas Electric Train Video.

Filmed with a Lumix LX7 and edited for internet presentation  with Apple iMovie. Dedicated to the memory of Thomasina the Cat, who loved to watch the train and played a starring role in earlier videos.

Tracking the Light posts daily; please share.

Happy Christmas from Brian Solomon’s Tracking the Light!

New Hope & Ivyland's former Reading Company station at New Hope, Pennsylvania. Exposed with a Lumix LX7 digital camera.
New Hope & Ivyland’s former Reading Company station at New Hope, Pennsylvania. Exposed with a Lumix LX7 digital camera, nominal shadow adjustment from a RAW file.
How about a happier, brighter, super-saturated version of the same photo; contrast, exposure, saturation, color balance and clarity boosted in Lightroom for maximum holiday cheer. LX7 photo.
How about a happier, brighter, super-saturated version of the same photo? Here the  contrast, exposure, saturation, color balance and clarity have been boosted in Lightroom for maximum holiday cheer. Hark the ho ho, and all that! LX7 photo.

Amtrak’s Philadelphia 30th Street Station: decorated for the Holiday Season.

In the hustle to get to where you going, don’t forget to take in the finer points of traveling.

The week around Christmas is one of the busy travel seasons for Amtrak and can be an interesting time to make photographs.

Amtrak’s former Pennsylvania Railroad Station at 30th Street in Philadelphia is one of the nicest large terminals in North America.

Lumix LX7 photo.
Lumix LX7 photo.

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Amtrak_30th_St_Station_Philadelphia_Christmas_Tree_P1360290

 

Amtrak_30th_St_Station_Philadelphia_Angel_P1360291I made these photos at 30th St. the other day with my Lumix LX7 while waiting for Amtrak train 148, which connects Washington D.C. with Springfield, Massachusetts. (This is a direct train, and one of the few that still changes from electric to diesel at New Haven.)

ACS-64 number 649 leads train 148 on track 4 at 30th Street Station. I boarded the Quiet Car.
ACS-64 number 649 leads train 148 on track 4 at 30th Street Station. I boarded the Quiet Car.

After exposure I made nominal adjustments to the RAW files using Lightroom. To clean up the images and make them more pleasing to the eye I adjusted contrast and color saturation.

Slight adjustments can make a photo ‘snap’ which gives that extra something special that helps grab your attention. Extreme adjustments can alter the image and produce far-fetched fantasy images. (Which at Christmas in Philadelphia could be a good thing, right?)

Seasons Greetings from Tracking the Light!

 

Interested in Railway Stations?

Check out my new book Railway Depots, Stations and Terminals published by Voyageur Press and available via Amazon and other distributors.

Path Photograph—27 Years Ago Today.

It was a dismal rainy evening two days before Christmas 1988. I had two Leicas. With one I was running some tests on color filtration with a new flavor of Kodak Ektachrome (remember that?) for a class I was taking in color photography.

In the other Leica, my dad’s M3, I had a sole roll of Kodak Plus-X (ISO 125, that I rated at ISO 80).

My pal TSH and I were exploring New York City area transit on one of the busiest travel days of the season, and I was making photos trying to capture the spirit of motion.

Among the images I made, was this photograph of a PATH train crossing the massive lift bridge east of Newark Penn Station.

Exposed using a Leica M3 with 50mm Summicron on Kodak Plus X (rated at ISO80).
Exposed using a Leica M3 with 50mm Summicron on Kodak Plus X (rated at ISO80).

The other day I scanned this negative and processed the image electronically in Lightroom, where I minimized the dust that had accumulated over the last three decades.

Tracking the Light Posts Every Day!

 

 

Black River & Western’s North Pole Express!

In the spirit of the season, I made this image of Black River & Western’s 2-8-0 number 60 leading the North Pole Express across the Copper Hill Viaduct west of Flemington, New Jersey.

Black River & Western, former Great Western 2-8-0 number 60. Exposed on December 19, 2015 using a FujiFilm X-T1 digital camera fitted with a Zeiss 12mm Touit lens. File adjusted using Lightroom to control contrast and color balance.
Black River & Western, former Great Western 2-8-0 number 60. Exposed on December 19, 2015 using a FujiFilm X-T1 digital camera fitted with a Zeiss 12mm Touit lens. File adjusted using Lightroom to control contrast and color balance.

Season’s Greetings from Tracking the Light!

 

Tracking the Light: New Jersey Transit’s Hoboken Terminal, December 2015—a dozen new images!

I made my first photographs at the old Lackawanna Hoboken Terminal with my father back in 1976. He made his first photos there about 20 years earlier.

NJT_Hoboken_terminal_detail_P1350278

Today, Hoboken Terminal survives as one of the last great waterfront railroad terminals. Perhaps, the last great American waterfront terminal.

There’s no longer a Lackawanna Limited for Buffalo, nor any of the Lackawanna EMD F3s or F-M Trainmasters that my dad saw, but New Jersey Transit’s Hoboken Terminal remains as one of the most atmospheric locations in the New York City area to make railway images.

Hints of the old order; the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western was one of the great railway companies of the early 20th century.
Hints of the old order; the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western was one of the great railway companies of the early 20th century.

While I’ve featured Hoboken Terminal previously on Tracking the Light, (see: Hoboken?!) I exposed all of these photos in one morning about ten days ago using my Lumix LX7.

My intent here was no to make one photo, but rather a group of images that capture the character of the place.

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NJT_Hoboken_terminal_detail_P1350477

I featured New Jersey Transit’s Hoboken Terminal in my new book Railway Depots, Stations & Terminals published by Voyageur Press this year. The book is available through Amazon and other outlets.

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Tracking the Light Presents a New Angle Every Day!

NJT_4002_Hoboken_terminal_P1350262

NJT_Hoboken_terminal_P1350245NJT_Hoboken_terminal_skylight_P1350247NJT_Hoboken_terminal_detail_P1350282NJT_4201_Hoboken_trailing_view_P1350460New Jersey Transit’s Hoboken Terminal is in my new book Railway Depots, Stations & Terminals published by Voyageur Press this year. The book is available through Amazon and other outlets.

A Window Back in Time; Exchange Place.

This is another of my ‘Then and Now’ attempts from last week’s exploration of Jersey City.

As previously mentioned: my fascination with Pennsylvania Railroad’s Jersey City waterfront terminal at Exchange Place, inspired a family trip to look for vestiges in February 1983. This is my window back in time.

Exchange Place in Jersey City as I photographed it with my Leica in February 1983. I'm looking south toward the Colgate-Palmolive Building. About the only thing left of this scene today is the bank building at the left.
Exchange Place in Jersey City as I photographed it with my Leica in February 1983. I’m looking south toward the Colgate-Palmolive Building. About the only thing left of this scene today is the bank building at the left.

Both my dad and I made a few photos. At the time I was trying to get a sense for how things looked decades earlier. (Pop, had made views of PRR MP54s by day and by night at the old terminal, which by 1983 was long gone.)
Fast forward another 32-33 years, and I find that Jersey City has been completely transformed. Most traces of Conrail’s waterfront track have been replaced by modern development, while NJ Transit’s Hudson-Bergen Light Rail now winds through the city.

Working from my 1983 view at Exchange Place, on my recent visit I spent an hour walking around in concentric circles trying to figure out where I’d made the old photo. How hard could this be?

Complicating matters, I’d only been there once, my father was driving, and my memories from this one visit are a bit hazy.

Yes, I remember the day, and I recall making the photos, but how the various locations related to one another remained a bit sketchy. This was especially difficult because today the setting has been so completely changed that many of the landmarks in my old image are gone.

Exchange Place in December 2015: Perhaps after the renovation work on the bank building (at left) has been completed, I’ll come back and make another view.
Exchange Place in December 2015: Perhaps after the renovation work on the bank building (at left) has been completed, I’ll come back and make another view.

I’d all but given up. I went for a spin on the Light Rail, and my way back north towards Hoboken, I recognized the setting for my 1983 image.

Now then, how could I have known that my 1983 Exchange Place view was indeed at today’s NJ Transit Exchange Place light rail station!

The location of the awnings makes the direct recreation complicated. Ideally I'd need to stand back a little further with a 50mm lens perspective to precisely the same view of the bank on the right (as shown in the 1983 view).
The location of the Light Rail awnings makes the direct recreation complicated. Ideally I’d need to stand back a little further using a 50mm lens perspective to precisely recreate  the same view of the bank on the right (as shown in the 1983 view).

Construction on the bank building made for a difficult comparison view, as does the Light Rail’s supporting infrastructure: awnings, ticket machines, catenary poles, etc, which precluded standing in the exact same spot.

Actually, the bank building on the left is just about the only common anchor between my two images. Almost all the other buildings in the 1983, including the Colgate-Palmolive building in the distance, have been replaced by newer structures.

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And, while there are tracks in both views, these are on different alignments and serve entire different purposes.

Tracking the Light Transcends Time!

Check this site Daily for the latest photos.

NJ Transit Hudson-Bergen Light Rail; My Jersey City Gallery, 8 photos.

I arrived in Jersey City on NJ Transit’s Hudson-Bergen Light Rail a few days ago. While I was checking out some comparative ‘now and then’ locations, I made these photos of the modern cars with my Lumix LX7.

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Tracking the Light Posts Original Photos!

Jersey City 1983 and 2015, Dramatic Changes and Comparisons in Time and Place.

(for those viewing via Facebook or other sites, you’ll need to click the link to Tracking the Light for the full effect.)

Then and Now, I think.

Back in 1983, I was fascinated by the Pennsylvania Railroad’s waterfront operations in Jersey City, especially at Exchange Place.

On a family trip, we spent an hour or so exploring the decay around Jersey City so that I could make photos that I’d ultimately planned to use to build a diorama/model railroad.

23 years previously, my father had made photos at the old Exchange Place Terminal. We had difficulties locating anything definable at the site of the once massive station, but made a few photos around the Conrail former PRR yards.

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In February 1983, my father exposed this view of Conrail locomotives at Jersey City on Kodachrome 64 using his Leica. I made some similar views that are less impressive as stand alone photographs, by proved useful in trying to relocate this place last week.

Over the last year, I’ve taken a few trips through Jersey City on the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail and found the place totally transformed from my mental images of the place stemming from the early 1980s.

So, I decided to try to recreate some of our 1983 angles, and  last week armed with maps and photos in-hand I went exploring.

This USGS topo map shows the way Jersey City would have been c1950. I've placed a blue arrow to show my photo location. (Manhattan Island is located at the far right).
This USGS topo map shows the way Jersey City would have been c1950. I’ve placed a blue arrow to show my photo location. (Manhattan Island is located at the far right).

When a cityscape changes beyond recognition, it can be difficult to produce practical ‘now and then images.

These photos are part my work in progress.

I made some cheap copies of the 1983 photos and started exploring Jersey City. While I'd expected to find the 1983 site covered with modern development, I was surprise that the location of our locomotive photo remained undeveloped, albeit surrounded by modern buildings.
I made some cheap copies of the 1983 photos and started exploring Jersey City. While I’d expected to find the 1983 site covered with modern development, I was surprise that the nearest location of our locomotive photo remained undeveloped, albeit surrounded by modern buildings.
Is this the exact spot where we made our photos in 1983. I'm not sure, but one I climbed up the embankment, it seemed very familiar, although the setting has been transformed. Sorry, no vintage EMD NW2 switchers in December 2015! Exposed with my Lumix LX7.
Is this the exact spot where we made our photos in 1983? I’m not sure, but when I climbed up the embankment it seemed very familiar, although the setting has been transformed. Sorry, no vintage EMD NW2 switchers in December 2015! Exposed with my Lumix LX7.

Tracking the Light Re-explores Old Locations!

NYCTA Number 7 Train, Queensboro Plaza, December 2015.

I’ll call this, Flushing Line Revisited. My first visit was with my dad about 1968. They’ve changed the cars since then

The New York metro-area generates its own quality of light. By afternoon on this day a mix of high cloud and four flavors of atmospheric pollution had tinted the skylight grayish orange with hints of smoggy yellow.

I've adjusted contrast in post-processing with the use of a digitally applied gradated neutral density filter to help balance the sky detail.
I’ve adjusted contrast in post-processing with the use of a digitally applied gradated neutral density filter to help balance the sky detail.
A slightly closer view of the same train. Note the inbound train on the lower level of the elevated structure. Both are moving.
A slightly closer view of the same train. Note the inbound train on the lower level of the elevated structure. Both are moving.

I made these views with my Lumix LX7 from the Manhattan-end of the double-deck Queenboro Plaza station. The Manhattan skyline looms in the distance.

Tracking the Light posts Daily!

 

A Dozen new Photos! Subterranean Photography Exercise: Lumix LX7 on New York City Subway.

 

Tracking the Light goes Underground!

 

My Lumix LX7 is a great tool for photographing the subway. It has a fast lens (f1.4) while the camera body is light, compact, flexible, and discrete.

For my New York City Subway photography exercise; I set the ISO to 200, the white balance to ‘auto’, set the exposure to dial to ‘A’ (for aperture priority, meaning I manually select the f-stop and the camera selects the appropriate corresponding shutter speed for optimal exposure ) and open the f-stop to near it’s widest setting.

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The Lumix LX7 allows me turn off all the sounds and lights, so when I release the shutter nothing beeps or flashes.

I exposed both RAW and Jpeg files simultaneously. While the camera’s automatic exposure was close, I needed made minor adjustments to contrast and white balance in post-processing using Lightroom.

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Typically this is necessary to bring the highlights under control while opening up (lightening) the shadow areas to make detail more visible.

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Tracking the Light post Original Material, please share with your friends!

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Take a Spin on Metro-North; West Haven to Grand Central Terminal.

On Thursday December 10, 2015, my father and I traveled on Metro-North to Grand Central Terminal.

West Haven, Connecticut is a modern station with long high-level platforms that opened just a few years ago.

Grand Central remains as impressive as always.

Our train was well-patronized and nearly at standing room by the time we departed Stamford.

This is impressive ridership, considering Metro-North operates a half-hourly inbound service from New Haven, with even more frequent rush-hour service from Bridgeport, and additional trains from Stamford. Not to mention Amtrak’s long distance trains to Penn-Station.

As always, there’s always opportunities for photography

I exposed these photos using my Lumix LX7 digital camera.

The sky was clearing when we arrived at West Haven. Check yesterday's post for views of a train of antique Metropolitan cars.
The sky was clearing when we arrived at West Haven. Check yesterday’s post for views of a train of antique Metropolitan cars.
Amtrak ACS-64 618 leads an eastward Regional train at West Haven.
Amtrak ACS-64 618 leads an eastward Regional train at West Haven.
My MetroCard that was good on Metro-North, the New York City Subway and PATH.
My MetroCard that was good on Metro-North, the New York City Subway and PATH.
Metro North train 1541 glides to a stop at West Haven. A good few passengers were ready to board.
Metro North train 1541 glides to a stop at West Haven. A good few passengers were ready to board.
In the bowels of Grand Central.
In the bowels of Grand Central.
America's most famous railway terminal!
America’s most famous railway terminal!
New Haven Line departure boards.
New Haven Line departure boards.

Would you like to learn more about Grand Central? Consider my new book Railway Depots, Stations & Terminals published this year by Voyageur Press! I cover GCT and many other great stations. Don’t miss out order a copy today. Available via Amazon and other outlets.

I Thought I Saw A Ghost Train at Metro-North’s West Haven Station.

Sometime last summer, I read a press release proclaiming something to effect that Metro-North’s New Haven Line electric service was now completely operated with the new Kawasaki M8 multiple units, and that all of old Metropolitan cars had been withdrawn.

I thought I did.

Recent trips along the old New Haven seemed to have confirmed this transformation.

So, I was quite surprised the other day when a ghost train arrived at Metro-North’s West Haven Station!

This is great contrast: old cars at the new station. Notice that I carefully included the date in the sign. Lumix LX7 photograph.
This is great contrast: old Metropolitan cars at the new station. Notice that I carefully included the date in the sign. Lumix LX7 photograph.

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Real passengers boarded and it whizzed away toward Grand Central.

Fascinating!

My father and I were supposed to have boarded, as we were on our way to New York. ‘Why didn’t you get on?’

‘What? Ride a ghost train?!’ I’ll wait for the M-8.’ (In truth I was so surprised, my primary thought was to take a photo.)

For my next trick, I’m heading out the Boston & Albany west-end to catch some of the A1 Berkshires on the move. I’ll report back.

Tracking the Light Sees Ghosts!

 

My Latest Book: The World’s Most Exotic Railway Journeys is Available Now.

 

This latest effort is a window into many lands. I’ve dedicated the book to the members of the Irish Railway Record Society. It features the work of a variety of accomplished travelers.

Cover photo by Scott Lothes.
Cover photo by Scott Lothes.

It is the product of John Beaufoy Publishing.

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It is available on Amazon among other popular outlets.

Get a copy today!

Tracking the Light Posts Daily!

 

Shocking Railroad Photographic Technique? (Hint, if you’re not viewing Tracking the Light, Click the link)

Every so often I like to stir up the muck, open a few eyes, raise a few fists, and perhaps invoke a couple of smiles.

I made this digital photograph using a recently devised camera technique. I created  the image  ‘in-camera’ using my mirror-less FujiFilm X-T1 with the electronic shutter; I did this without unusual external attachments, filters or complicated post-processing manipulation.

So, how did I do it? And why?

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Shocking railroad photograph? Sometimes a technique is so raw, so radical, or so non-conventional, your eyes will grip the results, while your brain tries to add up the dots.

Tracking the Light runs Raw!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Railroad Photography Tip: Signal Warning, Old Heads Fading Fast—ten original photos.

Searchlights at Ayer.
Searchlights at Ayer.

At one time the Boston & Maine was a poster child for the General Railway Signal Company.

These days some of the old GRS searchlight signals remain but they are rapidly disappearing.

Here’s a railroad photography tip: catch the old signals while you can, they are fading fast, and soon they will be gone.

I’ve issued this signal warning before, and I’ll do it again.

Over the last month, I exposed these photos along the old B&M in the vicinity of Ayer, Massachusetts. These railroad photos are intended as more of a record, than as active illustrations of the old signals.

Looking east at Ayer, Massachusetts.
Looking east at Ayer, Massachusetts.
In many places B&M searchlights are approach lit, in others they are continuously lit, such as here in Ayer.
In many places B&M searchlights are approach lit, in others they are continuously lit, such as here in Ayer.

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B&M was among railroads that used staggered heads for intermediate signals. Notice the use of both the traditional 'G' plate and the more recent 'D' plate.
B&M was among railroads that used staggered heads for intermediate signals. Notice the use of both the traditional ‘G’ plate and the more recent ‘D’ plate.

Check out my book; Classic Railroad Signals published this year by Voyageur Press. Also available through Amazon, Barnes & Noble and other outlets.

The searchlight style of signal was developed more than 90 years ago. It has been out of favor for new installations for more than two decades.
The searchlight style of signal was developed more than 90 years ago. It has been out of favor for new installations for more than two decades.
High green! (There's a train coming).
High green! (There’s a train coming).
Fallen soldiers.
Fallen soldiers.

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Tracking the Light posts original content.

Check out my book; Classic Railroad Signals published this year by Voyageur Press. Also available through AmazonBarnes & Noble and other outlets.

 

Tracking the Light on the Beet—11 December 1999.

On this Day Sixteen Years Ago:

The millennium was coming to a close. I was just back in Ireland after a few months wandering. I arrived by ferry from Holyhead the night before.

The short days of winter offer moments of stunning low sun against what can often be a stark Irish environment.

It was the height of Irish Rail’s annual sugar beet campaign, so Denis McCabe and I headed first for Wexford (Wellingtonbridge to be specific) then worked our way west, finishing the day at Clonmel, County Tipperary.

Although, we come for the sugar beet, a side attraction were a pair of timber trains that were unloading there.

I was working with three cameras. One was a Nikon loaded with Ilford HP5. Ironically, most of those black & white photos have been squirreled away in my files for the last 16 years.

Ilford HP5 is a great film and offers excellent tonality on stark winter's days.
Ilford HP5 is a great film and offers excellent tonality on stark winter’s days.

Here’s a sample of what I did that afternoon at Clonmel. Pretty neat in retrospect, however, what was more significant for me photographically was that this trip inspired a half-decade of intensive photographic adventures to document the sugar beet campaign.

Irish Rail class 071 engine number 076 lead a loaded sugar beet train at Clonmel.
Irish Rail class 071 engine number 076 lead a loaded sugar beet train at Clonmel.
The old four-wheel sugar beet wagons were a fascinating subject. They looked positively ancient, even back in 1999!
The old four-wheel sugar beet wagons were a fascinating subject. They looked positively ancient, even back in 1999!
Looking west at Clonmel.
Looking west at Clonmel.
At that time only one passenger train a day served the old station. The staff inside suggested I take the bus!
At that time only one passenger train a day served the old station in each direction. Someone inside suggested I take the bus!
In the sidings off in the distance were two timber trains.
In the sidings off in the distance were two timber trains. One is hiding behind the signal cabin.
A pair of venerable GM diesels shunt a timber train at Clonmel. Don't travel there today and expect this sort of action, you'll only be disappointed. (Although the cabin remains active).
A pair of venerable GM diesels shunt a timber train at Clonmel. Don’t travel there today and expect this sort of action, you’ll only be disappointed. (Although the cabin remains active).

Tracking the Light Posts Daily!

 

Railroad Photography Lesson: Making Modern Ugliness Interesting—Take a Pan photo.

Railroad photography isn’t necessarily aided by a windswept empty car park, a host lighting poles, catenary masts, fences, not to mention the metal monstrosity posing as a footbridge.

This was the scene at Readville, Massachusetts on Sunday, Morning, December 6, 2015.

An MBTA train heading for Boston was due shortly. Since locomotives operate on the south-end of consists, I set up for a trailing pan photo. I focused on the new engine and allowed the setting to settle into a sea of blur.

Readville, Massachusetts on Sunday December 6, 2015.
An MBTA HSP46 passes Readville, Massachusetts on Sunday December 6, 2015.

This is one means of making the ugliness more interesting.

Exposed at 1/60th of a second using my FujiFilm X-T1 digital camera. Contrast controlled in post processing using Lightroom.
Exposed at 1/60th of a second using my FujiFilm X-T1 digital camera. Contrast controlled in post processing using Lightroom.

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Historic Relic; old Railway Station at Holden, Massachusetts.

One hundred and thirty five years ago, the railway station was key to many communities commerce and communications. It offered the connection to the world.

My 1880 Official Guide is a window on the past. The Boston, Barre & Gardner Railroad (among the companies later melded into the Boston & Maine network) schedule lists three trains a day in each direction stopping at Holden, Massachusetts.

Trains ran from Worcester to Winchendon stopping at Holden at 8:28 am, 4:15 pm, and 7 pm, and Winchendon to Worcester  at 9:06 am, 1:22 pm, and 7 pm.

Obviously based on this schedule, there was a planned meet between northward and southward trains at the station.

In its heyday, back in 1880 Holden was an important station. It served as a telegraph office and as a transfer point for stagecoaches to Rutland (Massachusetts).

Today the old station is but a relic, the vestige of another time. Its train order signal is no longer part of the rules of operation; and the last passenger train passed in 1953. Yet the railroad remains active.

The old Boston & Maine station at Holden is a reminder of earlier times. Exposed with a FujiFilm X-T1 digital camera.
The old Boston & Maine station at Holden is a reminder of earlier times. Exposed with a FujiFilm X-T1 digital camera.

Providence & Worcester’s freights connect with Pan Am Railways/Pan Am Southern at Gardner and this has developed as a route for the movement of new automobiles and ethanol moving via the port of Providence, Rhode Island.

Providence & Worcester's southward freight symbol GRWO shakes the walls of the old station. Don't wait here for a 4-4-0 with combine coach on the 4:15 pm train to Winchendon. (It doesn't run any more).
Providence & Worcester’s southward freight symbol GRWO shakes the walls of the old station. Don’t wait here for a 4-4-0 with combine coach on the 4:15 pm train to Winchendon. (It doesn’t run any more).

My book, Railway Depots, Stations & Terminals features a variety of railway stations in New England, across America and around the world. It was published by Voyageur Press this year and is available from Amazon and other outlets.

Tracking the Light posts Original Content!

 

 

 

 

Railways Under and Over; Tram and Train, Prague 2000.

Here we have two forms of railway transport in an active image.

I’ve always liked photos that show transport on two levels (or more). This photo worked out well. I caught a tram passing below a steeple-cab electric in suburban Prague in early June 2000.

What makes the whole image more interesting is the tram passenger flagging the car to stop. This puts a bit life in the photo.

Incidentally, if you haven’t been there, Prague is one of the great tram cities, and offers endless opportunities for photography.

Exposed on Fujichrome Sensia 100 with a Nikon F3T with 24mm lens. Slide scanned using an Epson Perfection 600, file adjusted for contrast using Lightroom.
Exposed on Fujichrome Sensia 100 with a Nikon F3T with 24mm lens. Slide scanned using an Epson Perfection 600, file adjusted for contrast using Lightroom.

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New photos are posted regularly!

Rescuing a New Haven EP-3 from the Shadows: A Lesson in Slide Scanning.

 

Back in the day it wasn’t always easy to obtain a satisfactory exposure. Sometimes we got it wrong.

Such was the case on February 6, 1959, when my father made a very dark slide of a New Haven Railroad EP-3 electric leading a long distance train at 204th street in The Bronx.

Did a cloud block the sun at just the wrong moment? Did he simply use the wrong setting? Who knows. But the other day, I rescued this very dark slide from his ‘doubles file’ long stored out of sight.

By my estimate I’d say it is about 2-3 stops underexposed.

Slide Scanning in three 3.5 parts

I made three scans of this slide, from which I produced four variations of the image.

This is the first scan: I exposed normally using my Epson V600 with the Epson software set for ‘auto exposure’. The result pretty dark, yet still lighter than the original.
This is the first scan: I exposed it normally using my Epson V600 with the Epson software set for ‘auto exposure’. The result pretty dark, yet still lighter than the original.
For my second scan, I optimized the exposure and manually set the highlights and shadows using a histogram graph. Using Lightroom I exported two variations. This is the first, which is unmodified from the scan.
For my second scan, I optimized the exposure and manually set the highlights and shadows using a histogram graph. Using Lightroom I exported two variations. This is the first, which is unmodified from the scan.
My second variation of the second scan required a bit of work in Lightroom in order to adjust contrast, highlight and shadow detail, while boosting the saturation, clarity and other controls. The result offers better exposure, color and contrast, but it is too grainy.
My second variation of the second scan required a bit of work in Lightroom in order to adjust contrast, highlight and shadow detail, while boosting the saturation, clarity and other controls. The result offers better exposure, color and contrast, but it is too grainy.
For my third scan I opted for a different approach. I used VueScan and opted for a multiple pass scan (which in effect scans the slide 3 times to obtain the greatest amount data from the slide). I imported this scan into Lightroom and made my corrections for color, contrast (local and global), saturation and etc, but also used the noise suppression feature. Since this results in an over-all softening of the image, afterwards I locally sharpened key areas of the image.
For my third scan I opted for a different approach. I used VueScan and opted for a multiple pass scan (which in effect scans the slide 3 times to obtain the greatest amount data from the slide). I imported this scan into Lightroom and made my corrections for color, contrast (local and global), saturation and etc, but also used the noise suppression feature. Since this results in an over-all softening of the image, afterwards I locally sharpened key areas of the image.

 

My question: all of this scanning and correction required about 45 minutes of my time. While it was neat to rescue this long forgotten image of an EP3 electric, would my time be better spent making less labor-intensive scans of properly exposed slides from the same period?

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Bangor & Aroostook Railroad Photo and a Great Rolling Ribbon!

Tracking the Light: a Train in Maine.

For me this one image of the Bangor & Aroostook really conveys the spirit of a railroad in motion and captures the lay of the land of coastal Maine.

What makes a great railroad photo? It has to be more than just a picture of an interesting train.

Brandon Delaney was driving his Toyota sports car and I was leaning out the window with my Leica as we paced the northward Searsport Turn. I made this image as we passed a grade crossing at Prospect, Maine.

Exposed on August 5, 1986 on Kodachrome color slide film.
Exposed on August 5, 1986 on Kodachrome color slide film.

The great rolling ribbon of Highway 174 is one of several visual threads that helps tie the photo together and makes for added interest. The electric poles and grade crossing signals are cool elements too.

This isn’t just a railroad photo of a GP9 on the move, but an image showing a train in motion crossing a distinctive landscape.

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Too Blue? Interior View; Serbian EMU.

I exposed this image in suburban Belgrade in August 2003.

The electric multiple unit’s blue tinted windows and blue plastic seating made for an unusual setting.

Cool, it wasn’t. It was nearly 100 degrees Fahrenheit and the train was without air-conditioning.

Exposed on Fujichrome Sensia 100 film using Nikon F3T with 24mm lens; other than scaling for internet presentation, this photo has not been altered for contrast, colour, or exposure.
Exposed on Fujichrome Sensia 100 film using Nikon F3T with 24mm lens; other than scaling for internet presentation, this photo has not been altered for contrast, colour, or exposure.

 

The Lost Slide File: Trams ala Baltic: Tallinn, Estonia 2001

It was a week before September 11, 2001. I’d taken the ferry from Helsinki to Tallinn. During my first couple of days I rode around on the tram exploring the city.

Comfort class on a Tatra. Exposed with my Contax G2 rangefinder on Sensia 100 slide film.
Comfort class on a Tatra. Exposed with my Contax G2 rangefinder on Sensia 100 slide film.

In short 2001 was a very intensive year photographically. A week after ‘9-11’, I’d headed off to Spain in search of General Motors diesels and TALGO trains.

When my Estonian slides came back from the processing labs, I’d quickly picked out key images and the rest were filed away, largely unedited along with a host of other trips from the same year.

For years, I wondered what had happened to the Tallinn tram photos. I recalled riding the trams, but the slides were not mixed in with my other Estonian photos.

Trams by the Baltic sea at the Kopli terminus. Contax G2 rangefinder photo exposed on Sensia 100 slide film.
Trams by the Baltic sea at the Kopli terminus. Contax G2 rangefinder photo exposed on Sensia 100 slide film.

Complicating matters, I returned to Estonia a year later for an even more extensive trip and many of my photos of railway operations around Tallinn were exposed in 2002.

Last week, I found these images along with the photos I made in Spain, Finland, and Ireland, plus those along New York’s Southern Tier, northern and central Pennsylvania, the Berkshires of Massachusetts, Philadelphia, Washington DC, Charlottesville, Virginia and Vermont, all of which were exposed over an 8 week span.

They didn't paint cars like this in Soviet times! Contax G2 rangefinder photo exposed on Sensia 100 slide film.
They didn’t paint cars like this in Soviet times! Contax G2 rangefinder photo exposed on Sensia 100 slide film.
Near the main railway station. Contax G2 rangefinder photo exposed on Sensia 100 slide film.
Near the main railway station. Contax G2 rangefinder photo exposed on Sensia 100 slide film.